What are the Benefits of Stormwater Management?
Stormwater management involves reducing and controlling rainwater runoff to improve the quality of water. Stormwater management also plays a vital role in controlling the negative effects of flooding caused by agriculture and human activities like building the infrastructures. Usually, stormwater comes from rain and melted ice. Under natural circumstances, the stormwater should infiltrate the soil or evaporate. In environments like forests, for example, the soil basically absorbs certain amounts of stormwater, and plants assist in holding a good amount of stormwater, allowing only a small percentage to runoff. To add to this, leaves, grass, stems, and other plant components in the forests play a vital role in slowing the runoff, making sure that water flows to the river or to the underground very slowly. However, this does not happen in urban areas. This is because we have fewer plants and pavements are designed in a way that only a small amount of water infiltrates the ground. This causes a lot of water runoffs and this is where stormwater management comes in. With stormwater management, it is very possible to control and reduce rainwater runoff or the melted ice from the streets and urban environments to improve water quality by keeping away harmful bacteria from going into the wetlands, rivers, oceans, and so on. There are several advantages of stormwater management. Read this article for more details.
First, stormwater management helps in maintaining the natural hydrologic cycle. This process is essential since it plays a vital role in maintaining healthy streams, lakes, rivers, and aquatic life. When there is no proper stormwater management, there is decreased infiltration and this greatly reduces the groundwater replenishment and recharge. One thing that you should know is that soil moisture is vital in maintaining the vegetation and this makes stormwater management suitable for maintaining the natural hydrologic cycle. Furthermore, if there is no groundwater replenishment, there can be a great reduction in streams and flow that occur between the storms which help in maintaining aquatic life. Stormwater management also plays a significant role in replenishing the underground water, making certain that all humans have sufficient water for domestic agricultural uses.
Secondly, stormwater management controls an increased risk of flooding. Proper stormwater management assists in controlling flooding.This is important in conserving soil fertility. Those areas that make good use of stormwater management services, experience reduced flooding, hence do not experience the negative effects of flooding. Those areas that do not have vegetation tend to experience higher levels of flooding if there are heavy rains. This is the reason why urban areas should employ stormwater management to avoid floods. There are many negative effects of flooding including the loss of life, soil erosion, damage of properties, and so on. Employing safe stormwater management methods saves from all this by effectively controlling the incidences of flooding.
Finally, stormwater management helps in protecting the water quality. Contaminants like grease, oil, pesticides, plastics, and so on go into water sources if there is no proper stormwater management.